Time Zone

GMT + 3 hours.


Even though Swahili is the official language in Tanzania, English is widely spoken and understood.

English Swahili

I would like


I do not want










How much?

Bei gani



A drink


It is a reasonable price

Ni bei nafuu

It is very expensive

Ni bei ghali sana

I would like a cold beer

Nataka bia baridi


Pesa / Fedha

I would like a taxi

Nataka teksi

I cannot eat meat

Siwezi kula nyama


In Tanzania, the unit of currency is the Tanzanian Shilling, which is divided into 100 Cents. Notes are issued in denominations of 500, 1000, 2000, 5000, and 10000 Shillings. Coins are issued in denominations of 50, 100 and 200 Shillings.


Porters: A tip of US $1.00 per person is appropriate for two pieces of baggage at airports, hotels, lodges and camps. If you are travelling with more than two pieces of baggage, an additional tip of US$1.00 per bag is recommended.

Driver-Guide: One driver-guide accompanies each land vehicle on safari. It is customary to tip your driver-guide on the last day you are with him or her. Approximately US $5 - US $7 per traveller per day is considered a good tip for a driver-guide (based on 4 – 6 travellers in a vehicle). If there are only 2 or 3 travellers in a vehicle, you may consider raising this amount to approximately US $6 - US $8 per traveller per day in recognition of the individual attention given to a smaller size group.

Safari Escort: In addition to a driver-guide, some groups are accompanied by a professional safari escort. It is customary to tip your safari escort on the last day you are with him or her, and the recommended tip is US $8 to US $10 per traveller, per day. As with the tip for a driver guide, smaller groups (in this case, 5 or less) might consider tipping slightly more – in the range of approximately US $10 - US $12 per traveller per day.

Mobile Camping: If you are travelling on a mobile camping safari (either independently or on a programme) you will be served by a camp manager and several staff, for whom an overall tip of US $10 - US $14 per traveller per day in camp is recommended. This should be given to your guide on the last day for distribution among all camp staff. Again, smaller groups (in the case of 5 or less) might consider tipping in the slightly higher range of approximately US $12 - US $18 per traveller, per day (this applies to the exclusive camps, where tips are not included and not to the permanent tented camps).


For full details on climate, please see Best Time to Go.


 No vaccinations are currently required for entry into Tanzania when arrival is directly from North America or Europe.

Yellow Fever: If you are arriving in Tanzania (or planning to re-enter) from an area that is infected with yellow fever or arriving from a country where yellow fever is endemic (such as Kenya, Sudan, or Uganda), you are required to have a yellow fever vaccination; and it must be administered at least ten days before your arrival (or re-entry) into Tanzania. If your travel itinerary requires you to have a yellow fever vaccination, you must ask your doctor to provide you with an "International Certificate of Vaccination," which should be carried with you while travelling to serve as proof that you have fulfilled the vaccination requirement. If proof of vaccination is required and you do not carry it with you, you may be denied entry into Tanzania. Please note that, even if you are not required to obtain a yellow fever vaccination for your safari in Tanzania, the CDC recommends vaccination if you are travelling outside of urban areas.

Malaria: Anti-malarial medication is strongly recommended for all travellers to Tanzania. A number of anti-malarial drugs are available, including mefloquine, chloroquine, doxycycline and the new Malarone, which has performed well in recent tests. Your doctor will prescribe the best choice based on your own health history and your specific destination(s) in Africa. (In most sub-Saharan countries, for example, the prevalent strain of malaria is resistant to chloroquine.)

In addition to an anti-malarial drug regimen, personal protection measures should be taken to avoid mosquito bites, especially (but not limited to) the hours between dusk and dawn when malarial mosquitos are most active. These measures include using an insect repellent containing at least 20% to 35% of the active ingredient "DEET;" keeping your arms and legs covered as much as possible; and avoiding the use of perfume, hairspray, and other scented products that attract mosquitos. NOTE: Since some lodges in Tanzania are not equipped with screened windows or mosquito netting, it is especially important that you carry insect repellent -- or purchase some in Arusha (or Nairobi) before venturing out into the bush.

Additional information on malaria prevention will be sent with your pre-tour materials.

Dengue Fever: Dengue fever occurs occasionally in East Africa. Mosquitos that transmit dengue fever, which is predominant in urban centres, are usually found near human dwellings and are often present indoors. Epidemic transmission (when international travellers are at greatest risk) is usually seasonal and occurs during and shortly after the rainy season. There is no vaccine for dengue; therefore, travellers should take adequate precautions against mosquito bites, including the use of an insect repellent containing approximately 30% of the active ingredient "DEET."

We recommend that all international travellers ensure that their tetanus, Hepatitis A, and polio vaccines are up-to-date.

For up to date information on latest health and vaccination recommendations, please contact your doctor.


In Tanzania, electricity runs at 220/240 volts. If you are taking battery-powered appliances with you, please ensure you bring a large stock of spare batteries - as good quality batteries are often very difficult to come across.

Local Food

The food served in Tanzania has greatly improved in recent years. All lodges and hotels serve Western food, along with a selection of local dishes.

Several types of beer are brewed locally in Tanzania, and they are quite good. Occasional lack of refrigeration and short supplies of ice can mean that beer and other types of drinks may be served warm or only slightly cooled. There are imported wines in Tanzania, though specific brands cannot be guaranteed. A limited supply of soft drinks are available.

Hard liquor, decaffeinated beverages and diet (sugar-free) drinks are in short supply in Tanzania; and you may not find your favourite brands. If you favour a particular brand of spirits, you may want to use your duty-free liquor allowance to purchase a bottle en route to Tanzania for your personal consumption. Similarly, those with a preference for decaffeinated coffee or tea may want to carry packets of these beverages.

Do not drink or brush your teeth with the tap water in Tanzania. Additionally, do not accept ice in drinks. It may be necessary to exercise caution when using "purified" water that is provided in thermoses and flasks in hotel rooms, at lodges, and at camps. It is generally safer to drink directly from the can or bottle of a beverage than from a questionable container. We suggest that you drink only boiled or bottled water.

You should avoid possibly contaminated food, particularly seafood, unwashed vegetables, and fruits that are already peeled when they are served. In warm, tropical settings, also exercise caution in eating foods that can spoil from lack or proper refrigeration (such as salads containing mayonnaise, cream-filled pastries, heavy cream, and dairy products).

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